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SKIN INFECTIONS

HOW TO PREVENT SKIN INFECTIONS

The skin is the largest organ in the body. Its function is to protect your body from infection. Sometimes the skin itself becomes infected. Skin infections are caused by a wide variety of germs, and symptoms can vary from mild to serious.

The types of skin infections

  1. Bacterial skin infections: Bacterial skin infections often begin as small, red bumps that slowly increase in size. Some bacterial infections are mild and easily treated with topical antibiotics, but other infections require an oral antibiotic. Bacterial infections are often treated with topical antibiotics applied directly to the skin or with oral antibiotics. Examples of bacterial skin infections include:
  • cellulitis
  • impetigo
  • boils
  • leprosy
  1. Viral skin infections: Viral skin infections are caused by a virus. These infections range from mild to severe. Some types of viral skin infections may improve on their own within days or weeks. Examples of viral infections include:
  • shingles (herpes zoster)
  • chickenpox
  • Molluscum contagiosum
  • warts
  • measles
  • hand, foot, and mouth disease
  1. Fungal skin infections: These types of skin infections are caused by a fungus and are most likely to develop in damp areas of the body, such as the feet or armpit. Over-the-counter antifungal sprays and creams can be used to treat a fungal skin infection. Examples include:
  • athlete’s foot
  • yeast infection
  • ringworm
  • nail fungus
  • oral thrush
  • diaper rash
  1. Parasitic skin infection

Skin infections are also caused by a parasite. These infections can spread beyond the skin to the bloodstream and organs. A parasitic infection isn’t life-threatening but can be uncomfortable. Examples of parasitic skin infections include:

  • lice
  • bedbugs
  • scabies
  • cutaneous larva migrans
Symptoms of skin infections

The symptoms depend on the type of infection. Some symptoms that are common to many skin infections include rashes, swelling, redness, pain, pus, and itching.

Frequent hand washing is one of the best ways you can prevent skin infection.

 

 

BERIBERI

 

This is very common in Asia, especially in countries where boiled rice is a staple. The Sinhalese term “beri-beri” means, “I cannot, I cannot,” and derives from the inability to perform even the simplest of tasks once the polyneuritis (nerve inflammation) caused by the deficiency of vitamin B1 (thiamine). Beriberi damages the nerves and can lead to decreased muscle strength and eventually, muscle paralysis. Beriberi can be life-threatening if it isn’t treated.

Today, beriberi mostly occurs in people with an alcohol use disorder. The disease can be seen in women who have extreme nausea and vomiting in pregnancy (hyperemesis gravidarum), in people with AIDS, and after bariatric surgery.

There are two main forms of beriberi:

  • Wet beriberi, which mainly affects the cardiovascular system, causing poor circulation and fluid buildup in the tissues.
  • Dry beriberi, which primarily affects the nervous system, leading to the degeneration of the nerves. Degeneration typically begins in the legs and arms and may lead to muscle atrophy and loss of reflexes.

Causes of Beriberi

  • Diet low in thiamine
  • Inability of the body to process or absorb thiamine
  • Alcohol consumption
  • Genetic beriberi can block the body’s ability to absorb the vitamin from foods although it is a rare condition.
  • Women who have extreme nausea and vomiting in pregnancy

Other people who may have a higher risk of beriberi include:

  • people with diabetes
  • people with HIV
  • people who have had bariatric surgery

How to prevent beriberi

To prevent beriberi, eat a healthy, balanced diet that includes foods rich in thiamine. These include:

  • beans and legumes, seeds, meat, fish, whole grains, nuts and dairy
  • certain vegetables, such as asparagus, acorn squash, brussels sprouts, spinach, and beet greens
  • breakfast cereals that are enriched with thiamine

 

Stroke Prevention & Treatment

Did you know that a healthy diet can reduce the risk of acquiring medical conditions such as hypertension (high blood pressure), diabetes, high cholesterol (lipid) levels, coronary artery disease and obesity?

All of these conditions can increase your chance of having a stroke.

How does a stroke affect eating and nutrition?

Stroke can devastate a person’s nutritional health because it may limit his or her ability to perform daily activities associated with eating, such as grocery shopping, preparing meals and feeding oneself.

Stroke can also impair a person’s ability to swallow. Swallowing problems may result from weakening of the tongue or loss of coordination of tongue movements. Food can become pocketed between the cheek and teeth and drooling may occur because of an inability to seal the lips.

The person may also:

  • Choke and cough during and after meals
  • Be unable to suck from a straw
  • Lack a gag reflex
  • Suffer from chronic upper respiratory infection

If calorie and nutritional needs cannot be met, the person may become malnourished, this is a condition characterized by weight-loss and a poor appetite. You can download the Askdamz App to help you monitor the calories in your food.

Diet modifications need to be individualized according to the type and extent of these impairments. A registered dietitian (RD) can develop a plan of care that will provide a satisfying and nutritionally adequate diet. The Askdamz Company has trained dieticians that can help you draw a meal plan.

What are some tips for eating well with swallowing problems?

  • Liquids of thicker consistency are easier to swallow.
  • Drink eight cups of liquid each day to meet fluid needs.
  • Very warm and well-chilled foods make swallowing easier.
  • Eat small meals frequently throughout the day to meet nutrient needs.
  • Eat moist foods, such as casseroles and foods with sauces.

Nutrition and Disease

COLD SHOWER AND HOT SHOWER. WHICH IS BETTER?

COLD SHOWER AND HOT SHOWER

If a hot shower is what your body craves in the morning, you’re not alone. The majority of people crank the handle all the way up in order to feel the warm water all over their body. But did you know that cold showers should also have a place in your daily routine? Most people don’t know this and that is we are dishing this out.

That’s right cold showers. The ones you dread to take when you’re the last person to get up in the morning. But, if you give them a fair chance, you might find that you actually like how you feel after taking one. Regardless of how you feel about either type of shower, research shows that both hot and cold showers have health benefits you should be aware of.

Benefits of taking a cold shower include:

  1. Cold showers calm itchy skin: If you have itchy skin or skin conditions that cause you to itch, cold showers can help you overcome the sensation to scratch (Adam Friedman, MD).
  2. Cold showers help you wake up in the morning: When that cold spray hits your body, there’s a bit of shock. This shock increases oxygen intake, heart rate and alertness.
  3. Cold showers increase your circulation: Increased circulation is one of the top reasons experts recommend cold showers. As cold water hits your body and external limbs, it causes your blood to circulate at faster rates to maintain ideal body temperature. In this regard, a cold shower has the opposite effect of a hot shower for someone with hypertension or cardiovascular disease, since exposure to cold temperatures triggers the circulatory system to reduce inflammation and can help prevent cardiovascular disease.
  4. Cold showers help reduce muscle soreness after intense workouts: Since cold water has regenerative properties, your muscles will relax and repair after a tough workout.
  5. Cold showers may help boost weight-loss: Some fat cells, such as brown fat, can generate heat by burning fat. They do this when your body is exposed to cold conditions like in a shower. It is believed these cells are mostly situated around the neck and shoulder area. So, perfect for showers.

The cons of cold showers:

Cold showers might not be a good idea if you’re already cold, since the cooler temperature isn’t going to help warm you up by any means. It could actually make you even colder and increase the amount of time it will take for your body to warm back up.

They may not be a good idea if you’re sick, either. Initially, the cold temperature might be too hard on your immune system, so it’s best to ease into the cooler temperatures.

WHY DO WE LIKE HOT SHOWERS?

If you have trouble relaxing or falling asleep at night, you might be tempted to take a hot shower to ease the stress of the day. This is a common practice for muscle relaxation before going to sleep because hot showers activate the parasympathetic nervous system which makes us tired, says Keferstein.

Other benefits of hot showers include:

  • Hot showers provide relief from cold or respiratory symptoms: Standing in a hot shower with the steam surrounding you has long been used as a natural remedy to reduce cold and cough symptoms. The heat from the water and the steam can help to open airways, loosen up phlegm, clear out your nasal passages.
  • Hot showers help with blemishes: Hot showers can help to open up the pores of the skin, which allows you to clean out the trapped dirt and oil.
  • Hot showers are good for muscle relaxation: Being in hot water effectively relieves body tension and can soothe muscle fatigue.  But yes, your beloved hot shower does have some downsides. But the good news is, you don’t have to give them up completely. You just need to turn down the temperature a bit and take care of your skin afterward.

The cons of hot showers include:

Hot showers can dry out and irritate your skin. Researchers believe hot water causes damage to the keratin cells which are located on our most outer layer of the skin — the epidermis. By disrupting these cells, it creates dry skin and prevents the cells from locking in moisture.

They can make also certain skin conditions worse. Higher temperatures make it easier for the skin to dry out and worsen conditions like eczema.

Hot showers can cause you to itch. It has been said that the heat can cause mast cells (which contain histamine) to release their contents in the skin and cause itching.

They can increase your blood pressure, too. If you have problems with high blood pressure or cardiovascular disease, taking a shower that’s too hot can make these conditions worse.

So, which type is better?

There are obvious benefits to both hot and cold showers, so what should you do? Well, in an ideal world, you should take a lukewarm shower, so it’s tolerable, and apply a moisturizer to damp skin after bathing (Friedman).

Another approach to try is what Keferstein describes as a contrast shower, which is an age-old technique developed by Dr. Sebastian Kneipp.

Basically, you get the water as cold as possible and stand in it for one minute. When the minute is up, you then change the water to as hot as you can handle for an additional minute. Alternate between one minute each of cold and hot for three to five cycles.

He said the health benefits come from the cold water constricting the blood vessels. This means all the blood will go to the middle of the body. The hot water will open the blood vessels and all the blood comes rushing out again. This can pump the blood completely through the muscles and organs and is great for regeneration and detoxification.

Skincare Nutrition Certification

Fundamentals of Natural Medicine

PINEAPPLE JUICE BENEFITS

Most of us have become conditioned to immediately picking up a bottle of
cough syrup the minute we feel the sizzling sensation in our throat, signaling
the oncoming cough.

While these over-the-counter expectorants work well, we often tend to forget
that just by consuming the correct foods, we can prevent many diseases and
also eliminate the need for medications in many situations….So does juice
from pineapples really compare to conventional over-the-counter syrups ?
Does it help when it comes to fighting cough? ��

Like many fruits, pineapples are rich in vitamin c, which boosts the immune
system, as well as vitamin A and various B vitamins. This will of course be
beneficial whenever the body is trying to fight off an infection. It also contains
minerals like potassium, manganese and magnesium, which act in tandem with
the vitamins the juice contains to strengthen your body’s response to illness.

Pineapple juice, however, is unique in that it contains bromelain as well, an
enzyme with antioxidant properties which helps fight inflammation in the
respiratory system and clears the sinuses.

Pineapple juice can treat most persistent cough, as long as it isn't as a result of
pneumonia.

Here is a recipe for making a pineapple juice cough syrup:
INGREDIENTS: �� pineapple �� lemons �� inch (2.5 cm) piece of ginger ��
tsp honey ��pinc of sea salt & pepper (optional) �� fresh chili pepper or
pinch of dried (optional)

DIRECTIONS: ��Was well and remove the skin from the pineapple and lemons.
��Ad pineapple, lemons and ginger through juicer and pour 5 ounces into a
glass. ��Mix in honey, salt, pepper and dried spices (optional).
Consume 5 ounces 3 times per day.

IF SYMPTOMS PERSIST, PLEASE CONTACT YOUR DOCTOR !!!����

 

Juicing For Health

Reasons for hair loss

 

 

REASONS FOR HAIR LOSS

Have you recently noticed your hair falling off while combing? Has your once healthy hair become a shadow of itself? This might be due to some of these reasons;

Physical stress: Any kind of physical trauma—, a car accident, or a severe illness, can cause temporary hair loss. This can trigger a type of hair loss called telogen effluvium.

 

‍♀ Pregnancy: At this time in a woman’s life, due to hormonal changes, it is not unusual for a woman to experience hair loss which is a common postpartum issue.

‍♀ Overstyling: Vigorous styling and hair treatments can cause your hair to fall out. These styling methods include tight braids, hair weaves or corn rows as well as chemical relaxers to straighten your hair, hot-oil treatments or any kind of harsh chemical or high heat.

‍♀ Lack of protein: Studies have shown that if you don’t get enough protein in your diet, your body may ration protein by shutting down hair growth.

‍♀ Chemotherapy: Some of the drugs used to combat cancer can unfortunately, also cause your hair to fall out.

‍♀ Heredity and aging: If you come from a family where women started having hair loss at a particular age, then you are prone to it. Also it isn’t uncommon for women to lose hair when between ages of 50 and 60.

All hope is not lost, in order to grow your hair back there are few steps you can take to achieve success such as improving your diet, moisturizing with essential oils, monitor stress levels and also taking a break from over-styling. 

Click here to learn more about hair loss

NUTRIENTS

There are 2 main types of nutrients: Macronutrients and Micronutrients 

Getting adequate nutrition is the cornerstone of good health .

Listed below are some symptoms that indicate you aren’t getting adequate nutrition.

  • Fatigue: Protein energy, Iron and Some B vitamins.
  • Loss of appetite: This is mostly associated with deficiency in Zinc.
  • Pale Appearance: This is due to lack of Iron, Folate and (OR) vitamin B12 leading to anemia. 
  • Poor vision: A lack of vitamin A can cause the sharpness of sight to deteriorate over time.
  • ‍♀Skin disorder (dermatitis): This is caused by low level of Niacin (Vitamin B3). 
  • Delay in Healing: This may be due to lack of vitamin C which is responsible for tissue repair and vitamin K for blood clotting. 
  • Bone pain: Deficiency in vitamin D can be the reason you are feeling pains in the bones.
  • Dental Problems: Lack of vitamin C can result in gum bleeding and inflammation (gingivitis). 

The best way to prevent all these symptoms is with adequate diet. 

All symptoms listed above can be prevented with an adequate diet, that consist of fruits , vegetables , whole grains , lean protein , healthy oil, legumes and nuts will provide you with all the nutrients your body need.

Knowing how much energy or calorie you’re eating is important especially if weight loss is your aim . Food label is a panel found on a package of food which contains a variety of information about the food item. 

The importance of Food labels
  • ✔Help protect public health and safety by displaying information and warning statements.
  • ✔Tell you if the food contains an additive or allergen that you want to avoid.
  • ✔Allow you to compare similar products and choose the one that suits your needs.
  • ✔Advise when to use it by, how to store and prepare it, what it is made of, its size and weight, and the manufacturer’s contacts.
  • ✔Nutritional information of the food

An important part of the food label is the Nutritional information panel (NIP)

Nutritional Information Panel is a legal requirement on most packaged foods. Though most people don’t read them (or don’t fully understand them), these panels tell you everything you need to know about what you’re eating — so it’s worth becoming that Person who blocks the supermarket aisle poring over them.

Why read a panel ‍♀ ‍♀?

The nutrition information panel (NIP) tells you the quantity of various nutrients a food contains per serving size, as well as per 100 g or 100 ml. 

Standard Information on most NIP include :
  • Serving size
  • Number of calorie
  • Grams of fat (total fat,  saturated fat )
  • Included nutrients, 
  • A list of ingredients.

Many of us are eating almost twice the amount of calories, fat or salt (sodium) that we need for good health largely because it’s hidden in many of the foods we eat. Check out NIP

Basic knowledge on calorie counting

Basic Knowledge And Essentials In Human Nutrition

PELVIC INFLAMMATORY DISEASE (PID)

Do you experience severe pain during sex, painful urination, pain in your upper and lower abdomen, foul smelling vaginal discharge ? These are all symptoms of Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (PID).

PID is an infection of the organs of a women’s reproductive system which includes the uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, and cervix. It’s usually caused by a sexually transmitted infection (STI), like chlamydia or gonorrhea.

However, it’s symptoms aren’t limited to those stated above, irregular bleeding, high fevers , vomiting, fainting, sharp abdominal pain could also be related to PID .

Risk factors of PID include; 

  • Practicing unprotected sex
  • Having multiple sexual partners 
  • Being sexually active below the age of 25
  • Sexual engagements with someone who has multiple sexual partners 
  • Douching, this is washing or cleaning your vagina with a mixture of fluids 

In order to reduce the risk of PID, one is advised to; 

  • Practice safe sex 
  • Get tested 
  • Ask your partner to get tested also 
  • Talk to your doctor about contraception 
  • Avoid douching 

PID can cause serious problems if not treated, problems such as ectopic pregnancy , infertility, chronic pelvic pain and tubo-ovarian abscess. If you notice any of the symptoms above, please make sure to visit your doctor ‍⚕.

 

PRE-ECLAMPSIA

Ever heard of or experienced  pre-eclampsia ❓❓❓

PRE-ECLAMPSIA also known as “toxemia”  is a potentially dangerous❌ complication characterized by high blood pressure (the force❣ of blood  against the walls of your arteries) that occurs mostly during pregnancy .

Pre-eclampsia usually begins in  about 20 weeks of pregnancy such that the individual  have increased blood pressure which can stress the heart and  pose a threat to both mother and baby , but if well managed, some might have healthy babies eventually.

In this part of the world , it’s rare  as it occurs in less than 10% of pregnant women but we still need to pay attention to it.  Occurs between the age range of 18 to 60 years.

Some of the  symptoms may include ;

  • High blood pressure 
  • Protein in the urine 
  • Swelling in the legs  
  • Water retention.

This symptoms are closely related to normal pregnancy which makes it a bit difficult ‍♀to distinguish.

Other symptoms to look out for aside the above mentioned includes ; 

  • Fatigue
  • Blurred vision
  • Consistent headache
  • Nausea
  • Pain in the right upper abdomen
  • Rapid weight gain caused by significant increase in body fluid

Some of the various ways to mange the condition includes ;

  • Pre-eclampsia can often be managed with oral or intravenous (IV) medication until the baby is sufficiently matured to be delivered. 
  • The use of medical procedure  such as labour induction.
  • Medications: The use of dietary supplement  to promote health.
  • Surgery: It can be a cesarean section to help deliver the baby through abdomen instead of  vagina delivery.
  • We also recommend  that seeing a specialist such as the maternal foetal medicine specialist (focuses on medical management of high risk pregnancies).

 However if you feel unusually different from normal , or experience the above mentioned during pregnancy especially around that stage, kindly see a doctor.

Please note that pre-eclampsia can be treated or can go away if properly managed.

Nutrition and Disease

REASONS FOR HAIR LOSS

Have you recently noticed your hair falling off while combing? Has your once healthy hair become a shadow of itself ?

This might be due to some of these reasons; 

  • ‍♀ Physical stress: Any kind of physical trauma—, a car accident, or a severe illness, can cause temporary hair loss. This can trigger a type of hair loss called telogen effluvium.
  • ‍♀ Pregnancy: At this time in a woman’s life, due to hormonal changes, it is not unusual for a woman to experience hair loss which is a common postpartum issue. 
  • ‍♀ Overstyling: Vigorous styling and hair treatments can cause your hair to fall out. These styling methods include tight braids, hair weaves or corn rows as well as chemical relaxers to straighten your hair, hot-oil treatments or any kind of harsh chemical or high heat.
  • ‍♀ Lack of protein: Studies have shown that if you don’t get enough protein in your diet, your body may ration protein by shutting down hair growth.
  • ‍♀ Chemotherapy: Some of the drugs used to combat cancer can unfortunately, also cause your hair to fall out.
  • ‍♀ Heredity and aging: If you come from a family where women started having hair loss at a particular age, then you are prone to it. Also it isn’t uncommon for women to lose hair when between ages of 50 and 60.

All hope is not lost, in order to grow your hair back there are few steps you can take to achieve success such as improving your diet, moisturizing with essential oils, monitor stress levels and also taking a break from over-styling.

REASONS YOUR PERIOD SHOWS UP EARLIER

Who else hates the word MENSES AND MENSTRUATION? I do !!!! But anyway lets talk about that time of the month called a PERIOD (nobody should call it menses please ).

It’s important  you pay attention to your period timing and occurrence so it doesn’t throw you off balance, nervous  or leave you asking questions like; 

  “Did I take something contrary?”

” Did I break something?”

” Am I pregnant?

When it comes to your reproductive system, it is very unpredictable.  Lifestyle changes, diet illness  and even stress can affect when your period arrives. 

SOME OF THE REASONS YOUR PERIOD CAN COME EARLIER
EXTREME CHANGE IN YOUR DIET

Changing your eating habits   can impact the frequency and regularity of your period hence seeing your period early.

IF YOU ARE TAKING MEDICATION

Missing a dose or two of a birth control pills   can cause your period to come early.

IF YOU TOOK THE MORNING AFTER PILL

It’s not true for all though , but depending on which was used, taking  these pills three or more days to ovulation is likely to make your period come earlier.

IF YOU ARE APPROACHING  MENOPAUSE 

At about this time, your period becomes unpredictable and can definitely  cause your period to come earlier.

IF YOU ARE STRESSED

If you are constantly stressed, don’t be surprised to see the red light earlier than expected. Mental stress can alter the regular activities of your hormones hence altering your cycle.

IF YOU HAVE AN UNDIAGNOSED CONDITION/ILLNESS

Health Conditions such as PCOS (polycystic ovary syndrome), endometriosis can interfere with your reproductive hormones, causing the early arrival of your period.

WEIGHT FLUCTUATIONS  

Major weight changes such as weight gain or weight loss in terms of extreme dieting or eating disorders can  be a reason for early period.

Most importantly,  if you notice any drastic change in your menstrual  cycle and you are not very sure of the cause, we advise you speak to a doctor ‍⚕so they can guide you through.

Techniques for Stress Management

SMOKING

Did you know ‍♀ that one hour of smoking Shisha is the same as inhaling more than 100 cigarettes?

Shisha pipes use tobacco, sweetened with fruit or molasses sugar, which makes the smoke more aromatic than cigarette .

Sometimes people assume smoking shisha  is less harmful than smoking cigarettes. The truth is shisha is just as harmful as smoking cigarettes and causes similar diseases.

Effects of smoking Shisha on Health

1. Cardiovascular effects: Many studies report that a mean increase in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and heart rate of shisha smokers is observed after shisha smoking.

2. Antioxidant and vitamin C: In another study conducted, antioxidant capacity was evaluated  and it was indicated that total antioxidant capacity and vitamin C levels were lower in smokers than in non smokers.

3. Metabolic syndrome: Shisha smokers are found to be significantly more likely to have hypertryglycedemia, Hyperglycemia, Hypertension and abdominal obesity. 

4. Effect on pregnancy outcome: It has been evaluated that smoking one or more shisha per day during pregnancy is associated with the risk of low birth weight infant compared with non smoking mothers and increased pulmonary  problems at birth.

5. Shisha smoking has negative effects on mouth including staining of teeth and reduces ability of smell and taste. 

6. Shisha smoke is often laced with carcinogens or cancer causing substances. Regular smoking of shisha may lead to cancer of the lungs, mouth, stomach and oesophagus. 

7. Shisha is one of the notable risk factors for periodontal bone loss and dry sockets. 

Lastly, 

Do not be deceived, shisha smoking is as dangerous as cigarette smoking.

Nutrition and Disease